Highlight Of Myanmar
Yangon And Its Environs
Yangon (The Garden City )
In the past 300 years back, Yangon is only a small
fishing village called Dagon. In 1785 King AlaungMinPaya
established the third Myanmar empire and changed the name to
‘Yangon’ which means the end of strife. Yangon was the
capital of Myanmar till 2005 and it is the largest and most
populated city .It has thirteen sea ports which ocean liners
can dock.It is also the major import and export sea port.
Yangon has also the largest and the most famous gems market
in the world .You can also find European and British style
old buildings which were built around 19th century.
Ever green and lush tropical trees cover the entire
city.Together with the shady parks and beautiful lakes,
Yangon is famous as the Garden City. The most interesting
and attractive spots are Shwedagon Pagoda, Sule Pagoda,
Botataung Pagoda, National museum , Kaba Aye world peace
Pagoda, Kandawgyi Park etc.
Approximately 100metres high Shwedagon Pagoda is the most
revered and pinnacle for all Myanmar people and it is also a
landmark of Myanmar.
It was built at the life time of Buddha in 623 BC, Two men
merchant brothers went to India to trade and met Buddha
.They offered food and drink and asked something to revere.
Buddha gave them his eight strands of hair relics.Two
merchant brothers came back to Myanmar gave the hair relics
to King Okkalapa. The king enshrined the hair relics
together with the three senior Buddhas’ relics the walking
stick ,the water filter and the bathing robe.
The bottom part of the pagoda was gilded with thin gold
leaves. From the bell shape brim to the top was fixed with
gold plates. All the gold weighs 7.3 metric tons and other
precious gems are on the golden orb which is 27 cm in
diameter and on the weather vane shape or bird’s wing shape
studded with 7000 pieces of diamonds,jades , rubies,
sapphires, emeralds and pearls. On the tip of the golden orb
is the largest diamond which measures 76 carets. There are
3,154 golden bells and 525 silver bells fixed on the sacred
umbrella. Shwe Dagon Pagoda is not only for the religious
site but also the place where one can observe Myanmar
architecture and arts and crafts.
World Peace Pagoda
Although it is not so significant and not so revered one
it has an important role in Buddhism.It was built in 1952
and it is about 100 ft high. There is a silver Buddha statue
which weighs 543kg.There are relics of two arahats in front
of the Buddha statue placed at left and right. Near the
World Peace Pagoda, there is a man made cave called Mahapasana Cave where the Buddhist Synods were held for
Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda
This Pagoda has an image of a reclining Buddha , 216ft in
length and it is the third largest reclining Buddha in
Myanmar. One significant thing is that, the eyes of this
Buddha are made of glass and look like real human eyes.
Chauk Htat Gyi reclining Buddha is the most elegant
reclining Buddha image in the world.
This museum is worthwhile its visit.The Museum is a 5
storeyed building with 13 show rooms. There are historical
and cultural heritages displayed systematically and
preserved scientifically. You can also see all the major
ethenic groups with their tribal costumes and their daily
utensils.The most intriguing thing for the visitors is the
lion throne which was used by the second last king of
Myanmar, king Mindon and the last king Thibaw
the son of
Bago (a) Hanthawaddy
Bago is one of the ancient cities and also the famous
capital of the second Myanmar empire established by king
Bayintnaung.King Bayintnaung built the most richest and
magnificent “Kanbawza Thadi Palace” in Bago. Thus it becomes
one of the most ancient cities of grandure and glory like
the other historical buildings and sites.The great grand “
Kanbawza Thadi Palace ”was also destroyed during the war of
the monarchs.Bago was also a famous sea port flourishing in
trade with foreign countries including Europeans.
Shwe Maw Daw Pagoda
It is believed to be built in BC 400. The height of this
pagoda is 114 meters and it claims the highest pagoda all
over the world.
Shwe Thahlyaung Reclining Image
It was built by king Migadhipa in AD 994 and it is 55
meters in length. As it was built long long time ago back to
the historical period, people found
it back in 1881 which
was hidden among the trees and bushes. It is the most
crowded place by devotees and pilgrimage.
Kyaik Pun Pagoda
Kyaik means pagoda and Pun means four in Mon dialect. The
four big Buddha images are placed back to back facing the
cardinal points. It is
believed to the built in 1476 by four
daughters of king Dhamma Zedi.
The most popular legendary of o started at Hinthagone
Pagoda. In the time immemorial, Bago area was under the sea.
One day Hintha couple were flying over the vast sea and
tried to rest on a tiny patch of land emerging from the sea.
The patch of land was too small for the two birds to rest at
the same time. So the female bird had to perch on the male’s
back. Later the whole area become Bago and the tiny patch
become a hillock known as Hinthagone.You can find the
figures of two Hintha birds , the female perching on the
back of the male one. Consequently, it has been
assumed in Myanmar that the ladies of Bago dominate their
Kyaikhteeyoe Pagoda ( The Golden Rock )
Kyaikhteeyoe Pagoda is a marvelous one as it is standing
on a boulder which is hanging on a cliff. It seems to be
defying against the force of gravity. If the strong wind
blows it shakes. If you give a push it also shakes.Kyaikhteeyoe is the Mon tribe dialect which means the
pagoda that stands on the head of a hermit. According to the
legend, the king of the celestial (King of the angels) found
a boulder from the sea bed which shaped like the hermit’s
head and placed it on the edge of the cliff. The hermit
enshrining three strands of Hair-relic built a small stupa
on the boulder. A visit to Kyaikhteeyoe will give you a
pleasant mountain climbing experience and having beautiful
Mandalay and its Environs
King Mindon the second last king of Myanmar who ascended
the throne in 1853 moved the capital to Mandalay in 1857
building a new city called “Yadanabon” which means a heap of
treasure. Now Mandalay is the second largest city with 2
million populations. It is the centre point of all traders
in Myanmar and also flourished with cultural heritages. You
can enjoy both ancient and modern culture in Mandalay.
King Mindon built the new city “Yadanabon” in 1857 and
completed in 1862 and moved his new palace to the new city.
The city walls are in the square shape measuring 3.6 km in
each side. The height of the city walls are 7.9 meters.
Around the city wall is the city moat, 60 meters wide and 3
meters deep in each side. The new palace was called “Mya Nan
San Kyaw ” and it has 144 buildings in it.
In December 1885 , Myanmar was annexed by British troops and
became the colonial of British Empire. As a result all the
precious items including royal regalia and the lion throne
were taken away by British troops. In the second world war,
the British bombed and destroyed the entire palace.
Mahamyatmuni is one of the most venerated and famous
Buddha image in Myanmar as well as abroad. It is as famous
as Shwedagon because it was made in 544 BC by King Sanda
Thuria with the approval of Buddha. The image of Buddha is
made of 5 metals alloyed, that is exactly the same size to
the Buddha in every details.
U Bein Bridge
U Bein Bridge is 1.2 km long and it was built in 1849.
The whole bridge is made of teak wood and it is built a
cross Taung Thaman Lake. It is a unique bridge which is
built without a single nail.
Kuthodaw Pagoda (The largest Book of the world)
In 1869 AD King Mindon invited over 5,000 learned monks
all around Myanmar and held the 5th Buddhist Synod. The
monks revised and checked Tri Paitakas (Buddhist scripture)
to make corrections in case if someone makes mistake in
practicing Buddhism. Then to keep the scriptures last long
the king made it engraved on the marble stone slabs.
Altogether there are 729 stone slabs to complete the
tri-Paitakas. To keep away from the sun and rain, the king
built one small pagoda for each stone slab. Among the small
pagodas sheltering 729 stone slabs of Tri-Paitakes, Kuthodaw
Pagoda was built by King Mindon. The stone inscriptions of
Kuthodaw are now world’s famous as the largest book in
world. It is also a unique place and symbol for all the
Shwe Nandaw Temple
Shwe Nandaw Temple is the architectural works of the late
konebaung dynasty. The whole building is built with teak
wood and looks very elegant and artistic. It is originally
the palace of King Mindon the second last king of Myanmar.
It had been donated to the monks to use as a monastery.
Mandalay Hill is 236 ft above sea level and it has a
bird’s eye view for the sunset, Mandalay city and its
Pyin – Oo – Lwin
The hill resort Pyin- Oo- Lwin nestles on a plateau about
3,500 ft high,43 miles to the east of Mandalay. It is
surrounded by tree-clad low mountain ranges. The climate of
Pyin- Oo- Lwin is so fine that the town was designated as
the summer seat of government during the British rule of
Myanmar. It chief attractions besides the cool climate are
the royal lake where flowers are blooming at all times and
the botanical garden adjoining it. There are other places of
interest in the vicinity of the town, such as Pwe Kauk
waterfalls and PeikChinMyaung Cave.
Sagaing is also an ancient city of Myanmar flourished
with Buddhism. Sagaing mountain range has 37 peaks of small
hillocks, teeming with religious edifices and pagodas. There
are about 6,000 monasteries, nunneries and meditation
The significance of Mingun are Pahtodawgyi, Myatheindan
Pagoda and Mingun bell.Mingun bell weighs 90 tons , second
largest bell and the world’s largest tolling bell at present
because the world’s largest Moscow bell is a cracked bell
and has no music.
Bagan was the capital of the first Myanmar Empire that
flourished from the 11th to the 13th century AD. It enjoys
world wide renown for the ancient pagodas and other
religious buildings around it. The buildings constitute one
of the architectural wonders of the world.
Shwezigon Pagoda was built by king Anawrahta in 1059 AD
and was completed in 1090 by king Kyansitha. It took 31
years for completion. The height of the Pagoda is 40 meters.
The holy tooth, collar bone and frontlet relics of the
Buddha are enshrined in its relic chamber.
Ananda was built by King Kyansitha and arguably the most
beautiful of all the pagodas in Bagan. Ananda is felicitous
and harmonious blending of the best Myanmar, Mon and Indian
architectural styles of those days. The architectural
arrangement that allows light to get into the inner recesses
of the Ananda Pagoda has remained a marvel to this day.
Htee –Lo –Min –Lo, Thudbyinyu and Dhamayangyi temples are
the pagodas that can approach Ananda in beauty, grandeur and
The Inlay Lake is one of the chief tourist attractions of
North-East Myanmar. It is the second largest lake in
Myanmar. It lies over 2900 ft above sea level and is
surrounded by mountains. It is 17 miles in length and 7
miles in width. There are several villages around the lake
and they call themselves “Intha.” Leg rowing is the most
famous and unique feature of Inlay . There are also floating
plantations, floating market, famous hand-loom industry,
fishing Inlay style, black smith and silver smith which
yield the special attraction to the visitors.
Beaches in Myanmar
The beautiful beaches of Myanmar will sweep away your
cares and worries of the humdrum city life. The famous
beaches with deep blue waters and white sands are NgaPali,
Chaung Thar , Ngwe Saung and Kanntharyar.